Using Technology to Deepen Democracy, Using Democracy to Ensure Technology Benefits Us All
Sunday, August 30, 2015
Saturday, August 29, 2015
1 Today's techies and nerd pundits rather remind me of logical positivists and Anglo-American analytic philosophers...— Dale Carrico (@dalecarrico) August 28, 2015
2 They too fancied themselves the Smartest Guys in the Room and after superficial readings of rich archives rolled up their shirtsleeves...— Dale Carrico (@dalecarrico) August 28, 2015
3 They declared themselves eager and able to circumvent or dismiss philosophical quandaries and topple moral/political Business As Usual...— Dale Carrico (@dalecarrico) August 28, 2015
4 They confidently declared themselves masters of topics they largely missed the point of, re-invented a lot of wheels to run around on...— Dale Carrico (@dalecarrico) August 28, 2015
5 They established lots of marginal fandoms devoted to official puzzle-solving and ignored everybody while everybody else ignored them...— Dale Carrico (@dalecarrico) August 28, 2015
6 Now our nerd pundits offer up reductive superficial pie-charted "explainers" as our techies breathlessly re-invent laissez-faire pieties.— Dale Carrico (@dalecarrico) August 28, 2015
7 Our nerds are so "smart" they think appliances are intelligent and our tech-talkers peddle "progress" while denying commonwealth.— Dale Carrico (@dalecarrico) August 28, 2015
8 Our anti-intellectual "Thought Leaders" are so uneducated they don't even know their facile errors are a stale re-run of earlier errors.— Dale Carrico (@dalecarrico) August 28, 2015
9 I know that nerds and geeks Rule now (at least the dim white reactionary reductionist ones) but nobody cares about logical positivists.— Dale Carrico (@dalecarrico) August 28, 2015
10 I don't expect people outside the clubhouse to care much for long for our innovative Thought Leaders "getting to the bottom of things."— Dale Carrico (@dalecarrico) August 28, 2015
11 Sure, the coterie of super-rich techies can do some damage with their market fundamentalist pieties but that's just because they're rich.— Dale Carrico (@dalecarrico) August 28, 2015
12 But the anti-historical sociopathic reductionist nerds and geeks are mostly just dumb, another American anti-intellectual boy's club.— Dale Carrico (@dalecarrico) August 28, 2015
13 By way of conclusion I'll add that I don't think geekdom had or has to play out in this cramped uncritical fashion http://t.co/1HvsNweAa0— Dale Carrico (@dalecarrico) August 28, 2015
Friday, August 28, 2015
Thursday, August 27, 2015
Wednesday, August 26, 2015
Tuesday, August 25, 2015
1 Apart from its serial predictive failure, sf/science confusion, lack of standards, promotional hype, futurology is about deranging frames:— Dale Carrico (@dalecarrico) August 23, 2015
2 So, problem caused by attacks on/abandonment of organized labor, deregulation, regressive taxes futurologically framed TECH STEALING JOBS.— Dale Carrico (@dalecarrico) August 23, 2015
3 Then Basic Income (shorn of entitlements to ensure equity, indeed dismantlement is SELLING POINT) futurologically framed as its technofix.— Dale Carrico (@dalecarrico) August 23, 2015
4 The Basic Income futurological technofix is, of course, a recipe for feudalism masquerading as emancipation.— Dale Carrico (@dalecarrico) August 23, 2015
5 (recall how futurology peddled precarity of temp work as "liberty/flexibility" and exploitation of outsourcing as "free participation")— Dale Carrico (@dalecarrico) August 23, 2015
Slippage of outsourcing into crowdsourcing isn't merely figurative: outsourcing also labor exploitation framed as "tech," software enabled.— Dale Carrico (@dalecarrico) August 25, 2015
6 Basic Income in futurological discourse "guarantees" subsistence without rights or entitlements to secure consent or equity-in-diversity.— Dale Carrico (@dalecarrico) August 23, 2015
7 Inevitable failure of freedom and stealthed right-wing deception of futurological technofix here is symptom not substance of the trouble:— Dale Carrico (@dalecarrico) August 23, 2015
8 Before offering its false SOLUTION futurology frames PROBLEMS in a way that renders stakes and historicity unavailable to deliberation.— Dale Carrico (@dalecarrico) August 23, 2015
Techno-fixation: before the proposal of a facile techno-fix, always first a facile framing of problems in ahistorical "tech"-fixated terms.— Dale Carrico (@dalecarrico) August 25, 2015
Every "DriverlessCar" has a techbro in the driver's seat. This is the appeal to those who prefer it to real mass public transport proposals.— Dale Carrico (@dalecarrico) August 24, 2015
MOOCs another instance in which reactionary politics are futurologically framed into "tech progress," support of public good into "luddism."— Dale Carrico (@dalecarrico) August 25, 2015
To grasp "life extension" take medicine (to which futurists contribute nothing) then add neologisms & wish-fulfillment fantasies. That's it.— Dale Carrico (@dalecarrico) August 24, 2015
So long as you're fixated on daydreams of nanobotic super-immunity & glossy brochure genetic fixes you aren't working for healthcare access.— Dale Carrico (@dalecarrico) August 25, 2015
Never forget Mike Davis's anti-futurological quip that the world's greatest miracle medicine is access to clean water.— Dale Carrico (@dalecarrico) August 25, 2015
Again, futurology deranges political/infrastructural realities of healthcare via superlative "tech," in scam informercial miracle cadences.— Dale Carrico (@dalecarrico) August 25, 2015
9 The work of futurology is to deny historical struggle, stakeholder specificity, material affordance in service of status quo amplification— Dale Carrico (@dalecarrico) August 23, 2015
10 Futurology remains the quintessential neoliberal discourse, a reductio of marketing norms and forms suffusing the neoliberal imaginary.— Dale Carrico (@dalecarrico) August 23, 2015
Sunday, August 23, 2015
Saturday, August 22, 2015
Last year, HP announced it was building The Machine -- a computer meant to leap as far above conventional modern systems as a high-end Xeon workstation is above an IBM mainframe from the 1960s. The entire system was designed to work with special-purpose cores and to use memristors as a universal memory architecture. The entire system would be tied together through extensive use of silicon photonics. It was bold, ambitious, and cutting-edge. And now, it’s pretty much dead... Instead of a special-purpose OS (dubbed Linux++ last year and meant to help mimic memristor and photonic design of the platform in software), it’ll simply run a version of Linux. The problem, apparently, was memristors, which HP hasn’t found a way to produce in commercial volume or at a reasonable price.Given the hard work the futurologists did coming up with all those spiffy neologisms, I daresay The Machine may still find its way to credulous consumers and eventual profitability in the late-nite technommercial arena. The way, after all, has been paved already:
Friday, August 21, 2015
Thursday, August 20, 2015
It may not seem like it, but this week has seen the most significant development yet in the immigration debate’s role in the 2016 election. I’d go even farther -- it’s possible that the entire presidential election just got decided... [O]n immigration... [Republicans] need to talk tough to appeal to their base in the primaries, but doing so risks alienating the Hispanic voters they’ll need in the general election... After Donald Trump released his immigration plan, which includes an end to birthright citizenship -- stating that if you were born in the United States but your parents were undocumented, you don’t get to be a citizen -- some of his competitors jumped up to say that they agreed... Remember all the agonizing Republicans did about how they had to reach out to Hispanic voters? They never figured out how to do it, and now they’re running in the opposite direction... Here is the list of Republican candidates who have at least suggested openness to ending birthright citizenship, which would mean repealing the 14th Amendment to the Constitution: Donald Trump, Scott Walker, Bobby Jindal, John Kasich, Rand Paul, Chris Christie, Lindsey Graham, and Rick Santorum. That’s nearly half the GOP field, and more may be added to the list... [N]o matter who gets elected in 2016, birthright citizenship is not going to be eliminated. The bar is so high for amending the Constitution that it’s impossible to imagine any amendment this controversial getting ratified, which is as it should be. But the political impact is going to be very real, whether or not the idea goes anywhere in practical terms. The simple fact is that if Republicans don’t improve their performance among Hispanic voters, they cannot win the White House. Period. This discussion about birthright citizenship sends an incredibly clear message to Hispanic voters, a message of naked hostility to them and people like them. I promise you that next fall, there are going to be ads like this running all over the country, and especially on Spanish-language media:I said much the same thing about Romney nearly a year before that election, and then as now the real worry I had was that Democrats win the White House in a way that gives them coattails to have some purchase on Congress, without which Republican obstructionism will amount to neo-nullification whatever mandate American majorities offer the Democrats to fight austerity, climate-change, racism, gun-violence, forced-pregnancy zealotry, and neocon warmongering.“My name is Lisa Hernandez. I was born in California, grew up there. I was valedictorian of my high school class, graduated from Yale, and now I’m in medical school; I’m going to be a pediatrician. But now Scott Walker and the Republicans say that because my mom is undocumented, that I’m not a real American and I shouldn’t be a citizen. I’m living the American Dream, but they want to take it away from me and people like me. Well I’ve got a message for you, Governor Walker. I’m every bit as American as your children. This country isn’t about who your parents were, it’s about everybody having a chance to work hard, achieve, and contribute to our future. It seems like some people forgot that.”When a hundred ads like that one are blanketing the airwaves, the Republicans can say, “Wait, I support legal immigration!” all they want, but it won’t matter. Hispanic voters will have heard once again -- and louder than ever before -- that the GOP doesn’t like them and doesn’t want them... [A]ccording to exit polls Mitt Romney got 27 percent of Hispanic votes in 2012, while John McCain got 31 percent in 2008. Under a more likely scenario, with an electorate that votes something like in 2012 but with African-American turnout reduced, the Republican would need 47 percent of the Hispanic vote. In their worst-case scenario for Republicans -- an electorate that votes identically to the way it did in 2012, but adjusted for changes in population -- the Republican would need a stunning 52 percent of Hispanic votes. So to sum up: even in the best possible situation when it comes to turnout and the vote choices of the rest of the electorate, the Republican presidential candidate in 2016 is going to have to pull off an absolutely heroic performance among Hispanic voters if he’s going to win. That seemed awfully unlikely a week ago. How likely does it seem today?
Wednesday, August 19, 2015
Expose the Ammosexual Agenda: The crisis of gun violence is very much a crisis of American-style paranoid-aggressive masculinity.— Dale Carrico (@dalecarrico) August 19, 2015
American gun-nuttery is sexist male impersonation as rugged individualist drag via the prosthetic penis/cyborg shell of an open-carried gun.— Dale Carrico (@dalecarrico) August 19, 2015
End Open Carry: Send sick shameful ammosexuals back to their closets.— Dale Carrico (@dalecarrico) August 19, 2015
Gunnuttery is a psychological disorder. Fight the Ammosexual Agenda. #ShoveWontWin— Dale Carrico (@dalecarrico) August 19, 2015
Lose the gun and risk some love in your life. #AmmosexualityCanBeCured— Dale Carrico (@dalecarrico) August 19, 2015
A gun doesn't make your penis bigger. Some people dig little penises. You'll be okay. #AmmosexualityCanBeCured— Dale Carrico (@dalecarrico) August 19, 2015
Your gun isn't being strong, your gun isn't being secure, your gun isn't being brave, your gun isn't being right, your gun isn't being you.— Dale Carrico (@dalecarrico) August 19, 2015
Tuesday, August 18, 2015
Monday, August 17, 2015
Sunday, August 16, 2015
On the surface, [the new Westworld] hardly has a perfect pedigree: The show is based on a 1973 movie, directed by Michael Crichton, about “the ultimate resort... where you can live out your every fantasy” including “lawless violence on the American frontier of the 1880s.” Starring James Brolin and a scarily robotic Yul Brenner, it’s a world -- as a robotic voiceover tells us -- “where nothing can possibly go wrong.” (Until it suddenly, spectacularly does.) Our guess is that HBO’s show will feel less like the 1973 film and a bit more like “Ex Machina” and “The Matrix.” (Something about the upcoming show’s catchprase -- “Have you ever questioned the nature of your reality?” -- also makes me think of Philip K. Dick and Keanu Reeves in a trench coat.) We don’t know a whole lot of details yet, but here are a few things I like about this “dark odyssey about the dawn of artificial consciousness and the future of sin.” It’s executive produced by J.J. Abrams and co-created by Jonathan Nolan (who has co-written several screenplays with brother Christopher and wrote the story on which the film “Memento” was based.) It stars heavy hitters including Anthony Hopkins (who appears to be playing the sinister Yul Brenner role in this one), Evan Rachel Wood, Thandie Newton, and Jeffrey Wright.I quite like Hopkins, Newton, and Wright, and tend to agree that better actors are better than worse actors if one is hoping to be entertained by acting, but the hopeful genuflection to dudebro guru Christopher Nolan and his parade of prosthetic peen makes my own heart sink a bit. Bring on the gravelly voice and the gritty stage set, lets get some whining white guys in here, there are existential crises that need wrestling with!
And you will forgive a little eye-rolling of my own at Timberg's tidy conceit which would contrast the superficial charms ["On the surface..."] of the robotic Fantasy Island premise of the classic with the presumed "depths" of yet another sfnal invitation to "question the nature of your reality" via AI and virtuality. When Timberg insinuates that "something" in all this is making him think of Philip K. Dick and "The Matrix" I would propose it might be the sledgehammer pounding away with visual and verbal and atmospheric Dickian Matrixian cues just short of having characters literally facing the camera and screaming "Philip K. Dick!" and "The Matrix!" throughout the trailer. All of which is fine: All genres have their recurring motifs and signature moves, after all. But I really must protest the implication that the question every pale male undergraduate in Philosophy 101 who has ever smoked a joint inevitably asks himself -- namely: "dood! like what IS reality?" -- is hardly the tell-tale indication that we have stumbled into a film of ideas. To wit, what IS hamburger? Let's ask this A1 philosopher:
Frankly, there is very little substance to distinguish that gaudy 70s boilerplate about "liv[ing] out your every fantasy" and "lawless violence" and the 21st century conjuration of "the future of sin." It is only, I believe, in the framing of this promise of scenic sinning (the promise of film promotion since the birth of film) by reference to "the dawn of artificial consciousness" that we find the excuse for the pretense that with "Westworld" we find ourselves in the province of deep philosophical speculation and urgently timely political debate. Did I mention timely?
"And did I mention how timely [Westworld] is?" asks Timberg, breathlessly, at this point. "[T]he impact of advanced technology on the post-industrial world is one of the most crucial topics of our time," he intones piously, just the way the futurists have taught us to do by now. Of course, what makes technology "advanced" would presumably be the way it solves hitherto intractable shared problems rather than facilitating our exploitation, making us unhappy or unhealthy, poisoning our planet beyond healing, or, you know, threatening to kill us. Shorn of explicit norms and stakeholders references to "technological advance" really amount to facile retreats into complacent technological determinism and self-congratulatory manifest destiny, reactionary narratives of technoscientific change and historical struggle that have long been the specialty of futurological discourse. Their pernicious politics aside, though, here I just want to remind us all how reductive, how insensitive, how inattentive, how uncritical, how lacking in memory, how -- in a word -- stupid such narratives frankly turn out to be, however useful and consoling they may be to incumbent elites. Remember, this is a piece extolling the high-voltage Ideas we may expect from the new "Westworld."
Timberg declares himself to be "still smarting from [a] recent Barbara Ehrenreich [piece] which argued that "the job-eating maw of technology now threatens even the nimblest and most expensively educated... Tasks that would seem to require a distinctively human capacity for nuance are increasingly assigned to algorithms, like the ones currently being introduced to grade essays on college exams." To this he appends the exclamation: "There’s never been a better time to look at this stuff." By which he means, let us be clear, there's never been a better time to watch the new Westworld! "Smarting" is not the same thing as being in any way made smarter, to put the point bluntly. What Barbara Ehrenreich knows that Scott Timberg has failed to grasp or feel is worthy of our attention is that "technology" is not a "job-eating maw" by any means. Behind the cloudbank of that overgeneralization are all the pesky details that make sense of the problem Ehrenreich is exposing here and without which we cannot gain the collective purchase actually to solve that problem. The productivity gains that have accompanied automation over the last two generations have not lead to higher compensation and shorter work-weeks only because that process of automation coincided historically with the right-wing demolition of organized labor and the retreat of the Democratic party from its New Deal and Great Society ideals ad constitutencies. Majorities supported by secure entitlements and bargaining power would not be threatened by "technology" (the monolithic construal of which in any case makes intelligent discussion of the stakeholder struggles and dynamisms of technoscientific change almost impossible in any case), and in a world that responded to shared needs and problems rather than the demands of minute plutocratic minorities for ever more wealth and profit we would not be bedeviled by the "assign[ment] to algorithms... [of] tasks... requir[ing] a distinctively human capacity for nuance" because the plain fact is that these algorithms fail to perform well at anything other than making the rich richer. That is to say, the glib framing of these Big Ideas as matters of "the dawn of artificial intelligence" and "the impact of advanced technology" is a distraction not an engagement with the actual matter at hand, the evocation of a comic-book terrain of villains and superheroes behind which real stakeholders with very recognizable and utterly familiar stakes and positions vanish from our contemplation, the displacement of the fraught but promising terrain of political struggles onto a spectacle of mythological destinies playing out for our mute witness and acquiescence. Feeling smarter yet?
Not to pick on the fellow, but Scott Timberg's on a roll here. If you think de-contextualized a-political loose talk of the threat of "automation" makes the new Westworld must-see tee vee for techbros, well, let's raise the pitch to even higher heights, and I'm talking TED-talk heights, I'm talking Thought-Leader heights! "Even closer to the show’s premise: Just a few weeks ago, more than 1,000 scientists signed an open letter arguing for the banning of AI-driven weaponry. 'Artificial Intelligence (AI) technology has reached a point where the deployment of such systems is -- practically if not legally -- feasible within years, not decades, and the stakes are high,' reads the letter signed by Elon Musk, Stephen Hawking, and Steve Wozniak..." Not to put too fine a point on it, this statement is either a vacuity or a lie. Expert systems and user-friendly software interfaces that get called "AI" are indeed both practically and legally feasible and have been for as long as most of Scott Timberg's readers have been living. These systems always have and will continue to cause problems -- security problems, problems of inscrutability, errors, brittleness, cruft, and so on. Not one of these real problems is or ever has been remotely illuminated by the conventional recourse to metaphors of computer intelligence, personhood, paradise, apocalypse, villainy, rapture or godhood made by alienated True Believing GOFAI coders or filthy-rich drama-diva venture capitalists who like to fancy themselves indispensable protagonists of historically revolutionary and transcendent dramas. Steven Hawking has spent the last decade trying to recapture former glory by casting himself in the mode of one time inventor now impresario and guru-wannabe Ray Kurzweil, Steve Wozniak in failing to get his head on Mount Rushmore with consummate used car salesman Steve Jobs is happy for the attention of an open letter or a stint on Kathy Griffin's reality show, anything, while Elon Musk knows there is as much money to be made from government contracts to deal with public hazards whomped up from techno-alarmism as there is to be made from the consumer rubes with false promises of techno-paradise incarnated in whatever landfill destined gizmo or low-earth-orbit amusement park ride he is peddling at the moment.
It seems strange to me, to say the least, to identify this sort of talk with "philosophy" or even, really, ideas at all, but I blame the ascendancy of futurological discourse with this general dumbing down of what passes for public deliberation into promotional and self-promotional activities among venture capitalists and those who serve them. I mean, if you're going to pretend robot cultist Nick Bostrom's handwaving about the existential threat of killer robots and satanic AIs (as opposed to the, he says, overblown non-threat of ongoing and upcoming anthropogenic climate catastrophe) is "philosophy," -- as Salon has also been quite happy to countenance already, as I have criticized, among other places, here -- then hell, why NOT say "Westworld" or is a Film of Ideas?
How's this for a conventional futurological confusion of science fiction for science fact? What we have here must another Film of Ideas, right guys?
Given that the confident promise of artificially intelligent computers and slavebots has been part of the furniture of the filmic future pretty much since legibly sfnal films have found their way to our screens and given that the conceit of artificial intelligence gone wrong and slavebots run amok has been a go-to hairball sfnal scriptwriters have coughed up to propel their narratives pretty much just as long, one really has to wonder just how it can be that otherwise perfectly sane and sensitive adults can continue to pretend that there is anything the least bit original or provocative about this premise. I would be hard-pressed to find a single year in my post-adolescent life in which there has not been at least one major motion picture or television series playing out this incessant scenario. As I have written endlessly often here and elsewhere, completely cocksure champions of good old fashioned AI (GOFAI) keep on predicting that their AI is just around the corner, generation after generation, year after year, day after day, without fail, er, that is to say, with nothing but fail, failure after failure, a faith in the force of the AI promise driving vast corporate-military R&D and advertizing budgets and matching the faith in the demonic AI premise driving vast attentional resources of Hollywood and Silicon Valley.
I realize that the GOFAI dead-enders will pout and stamp that the fact that AI keeps on not panning out doesn't mean that it never will (a pretty frail hook to hang one's hat on I must say), but it really does surprise me a bit that the GOFAI crowd rarely seems to qualify the ferocious confidence of their expectation given all this serial failure, or take a pause in which to consider how the reductively calculating disembodied sociopathic models of intelligence that inevitably freight their conceptions may have something to do with all this failure. I imagine that the fantasies of AI for those who devote so much of their intelligent lives and affect to their contemplation are providing psychic compensations and satisfactions (stereotypes of body-loathing, narcissistic, sociopathic theory-heads trembling in denial of the contingency, rejection, error, mortality in human life are there for a reason), just as I imagine the hoary conceits of robocalypse remain provocative in their dreary staleness because they speak to the perennial alienation and anomie of everyday people coping with the head-breaking complexities and heart-breaking complicities of late-industrial consumer societies.
"What are the chances of a TV series capturing all of this?" Timberg ponders withh curious wistfulness. "Not terribly good, even on HBO," he concludes. Why so desolate, Scott? Box-office flop Transcendence managed to say all that crap and much more in a couple of hours, after all! TV series "capturing all of this" futurological wonder and genius are, believe me, a dime a dozen. That "Westworld" can regurgitate all the usual Terminator, Battlestar Galactica, Matrix conceits seems to me quite good, even terribly good, if I may say so. Hell, sleepwalkers could write that stuff at this point -- "even on HBO"!
A spectacle of "Future" scenery isn't a film of ideas, just as a futurological scenario isn't really a form of analysis or critique. (For a more elaborated account of this position read my Futurological Discourses and Posthuman Terrains.) As I have said, I'm as much a fanboy as the next queergeek. I'll be watching "Watchworld." Explosions and blinking consoles and Holodeck adventures and talking robots and catsuits and floating monorail tracks between Deco ziggurats (well, you know what I mean), what's not to like? But it isn't actually true in my view that a cliche-soaked action movie becomes a "Film of Ideas" just because it is also notionally science fictional and has cellos playing drawn-out low notes in the theme music. It's not that science fiction can't be genuinely philosophical (Tarkovsky, anyone?) or politically relevant or thought provoking or emotionally engaging. It's just that you cannot expect me to take philosophically seriously anyone who confuses marketing for thinking, who confuses the stale for the original, who confuses denial with inquiry. When science fiction is rich and provocative and affecting it is so for the same reasons that other literary works are: the ideas are wedded to plots in unexpected ways, the conjured worlds are authentically complicated and multivalent, the characters solicit our empathy and understanding in their differences. It remains to be seen if the new HBO "Westworld" will be entertaining, let alone, more than that. I'm hoping for something fun, and will be quite pleasantly surprised if something more than fun is on offer, but you can be sure I know enough to actually know what I'm seeing whatever that may be. If you are losing the capacity to make the relevant distinctions to know as much, I fear neoliberal futurology deserves much of the blame for it.